2020 Consumer Confidence Report City of Strawn

2020 Consumer Confidence Report for Public Water System CITY OF STRAWN

This is your water quality report for January 1 to December 31, 2020

For more information regarding this report contact:

CITY OF STRAWN provides surface water and ground water from Lake Tucker and the Trinity Auquifer located in Palo Pinto County and Eastland County.

Name   __Danny MIller___________________________

Phone ___(254) 672-5311________________________

Este reporte incluye información importante sobre el agua para tomar. Para asistencia en español, favor de llamar al telefono (254) 672-5311

Definitions and Abbreviations

Definitions and Abbreviations

The following tables contain scientific terms and measures, some of which may require explanation.

Action Level:

The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

Avg:

Regulatory compliance with some MCLs are based on running annual average of monthly samples.

Level 1 Assessment:

A Level 1 assessment is a study of the water system to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system.

Level 2 Assessment:

A Level 2 assessment is a very detailed study of the water system to identify potential problems and determine (if possible) why an E. coli MCL violation has occurred and/or why total coliform bacteria have been found in our water system on multiple occasions.

Maximum Contaminant Level or MCL:

The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal or MCLG:

The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

Maximum residual disinfectant level or MRDL:

The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants.

Maximum residual disinfectant level goal or MRDLG:

The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants.

MFL

million fibers per liter (a measure of asbestos)

mrem:

millirems per year (a measure of radiation absorbed by the body)

na:

not applicable.

NTU

nephelometric turbidity units (a measure of turbidity)

pCi/L

picocuries per liter (a measure of radioactivity)


Definitions and Abbreviations

ppb:

micrograms per liter or parts per billion

ppm:

milligrams per liter or parts per million

ppq

parts per quadrillion, or picograms per liter (pg/L)

ppt

parts per trillion, or nanograms per liter (ng/L)

Treatment Technique or TT:

A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.

Information about your Drinking Water

The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the EPAs Safe Drinking Water Hotline at (800) 426-4791.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:

-   Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and wildlife.

-   Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally-occurring or result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming.

-   Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban storm water runoff, and residential uses.

-   Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems.

-   Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally-occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water which must provide the same protection for public health.

Contaminants may be found in drinking water that may cause taste, color, or odor problems. These types of problems are not necessarily causes for health concerns. For more information on taste, odor, or color of drinking water, please contact the system's business office.

You may be more vulnerable than the general population to certain microbial contaminants, such as Cryptosporidium, in drinking water. Infants, some elderly, or immunocompromised persons such as those undergoing chemotherapy for cancer; persons who have undergone organ transplants; those who are undergoing treatment with steroids; and people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, can be particularly at risk from infections. You should seek advice about drinking water from your physician or health care providers. Additional guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-426-4791).


If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. We are responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but we cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/lead.

Information about Source Water

TCEQ completed an assessment of your source water, and results indicate that some of our sources are susceptible to certain contaminants. The sampling requirements for your water system is based on this susceptibility and previous sample data. Any detections of these contaminants will be found in this Consumer Confidence Report. For more information on source water assessments and protection efforts at our system contact [insert water system contact][insert phone number]

Coliform Bacteria

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal

Total Coliform Maximum Contaminant Level

Highest No. of Positive

Fecal Coliform or E. Coli Maximum Contaminant Level

Total No. of Positive E. Coli or Fecal Coliform Samples

Violation

Likely Source of Contamination

0

1 positive monthly sample.

3

0

N

Naturally present in the environment.

Lead and Copper

Date Sampled

MCLG

Action Level (AL)

90th Percentile

# Sites Over AL

Units

Violation

Likely Source of Contamination

Copper

2020

1.3

1.3                                    

0.237

0

ppm    

N

Erosion of natural deposits; Leaching from wood preservatives; Corrosion of household plumbing systems.

2020 Water Quality Test Results


2020

Disinfection By-Products

Collection Date

Highest Level Detected

Range of Individual Samples

MCLG

MCL

Units

Violation

Likely Source of Contamination

Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)

2020

191

30 - 116

No goal for the total

60                                      

ppb    

Y

By-product of drinking water disinfection.

*The value in the Highest Level or Average Detected column is the highest average of all HAA5 sample results collected at a location over a year

Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM)

2020

227

43.4 - 198

No goal for the total

80                                    

ppb    

Y

By-product of drinking water disinfection.

*The value in the Highest Level or Average Detected column is the highest average of all TTHM sample results collected at a location over a year

2020

Inorganic Contaminants

Collection Date

Highest Level Detected

Range of Individual Samples

MCLG

MCL

Units

Violation

Likely Source of Contamination

Barium

2020

0.42

0.1 - 0.42

2

2                                      

ppm    

N

Discharge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits.

Chromium

2020

1.3

0 - 1.3

100

100                                    

ppb    

N

Discharge from steel and pulp mills; Erosion of natural deposits.

Cyanide

2020

95.7

0 - 95.7

200

200                                    

ppb    

N

Discharge from plastic and fertilizer factories; Discharge from steel/metal factories.

Fluoride

2020

0.1

0.0696 - 0.0836

4

4.0                                    

ppm    

N

Erosion of natural deposits; Water additive which promotes strong teeth; Discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories.

Nitrate [measured as Nitrogen]

2020

4

0.122 - 3.79

10

10                                      

ppm    

N

Runoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits.

2020

Radioactive Contaminants

Collection Date

Highest Level Detected

Range of Individual Samples

MCLG

MCL

Units

Violation

Likely Source of Contamination

Beta/photon emitters

2020

4.5

4.5 - 4.5

0

50                                    

pCi/L*  

N

Decay of natural and man-made deposits.

*EPA considers 50 pCi/L to be the level of concern for beta particles.


Combined Radium 226/228

2020

2

2.46 - 2.46

0

5                                      

pCi/L  

N

Erosion of natural deposits.

Gross alpha excluding radon and uranium

2020

9

9 - 9

0

15                                    

pCi/L  

N

Erosion of natural deposits.

Uranium

2020

1

1.1 - 1.1

0

30                                    

ug/l    

N

Erosion of natural deposits.

2020

Synthetic organic contaminants including pesticides and herbicides

Collection Date

Highest Level Detected

Range of Individual Samples

MCLG

MCL

Units

Violation

Likely Source of Contamination

Picloram

2020

0.289

0 - 0.289

500

500                                    

ppb    

N

Herbicide runoff.

Disinfectant Residual

A blank disinfectant residual table has been added to the CCR template, you will need to add data to the fields. Your data can be taken off the Disinfectant Level Quarterly Operating Reports (DLQOR).

Disinfectant Residual

Year

Average Level

Range of Levels Detected

MRDL

MRDLG

Unit of Measure

Violation (Y/N)

Source in Drinking Water

Chloramine

2020

2.17

0.65-5.0

4

4

ppm

N

Water additive used to control microbes.

Turbidity

Level Detected

Limit (Treatment Technique)

Violation

Likely Source of Contamination

Highest single measurement

0.29 NTU        

1 NTU      

N

Soil runoff.

Lowest monthly % meeting limit

100%            

0.3 NTU    

N

Soil runoff.

Information Statement: Turbidity is a measurement of the cloudiness of the water caused by suspended particles. We monitor it because it is a good indicator of water quality and the effectiveness of our filtration system and disinfectants.

Total Organic Carbon

The percentage of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) removal was measured each month and the system met all TOC removal requirements set, unless a TOC violation is noted in the violations section.


Violations

Consumer Confidence Rule

The Consumer Confidence Rule requires community water systems to prepare and provide to their customers annual consumer confidence reports on the quality of the water delivered by the systems.

Violation Type

Violation Begin

Violation End

Violation Explanation

CCR REPORT

07/01/2020

2020

We failed to provide to you, our drinking water customers, an annual report that informs you about the quality of our drinking water and characterizes the risks from exposure to contaminants detected in our drinking water.

Haloacetic Acids (HAA5)

Some people who drink water containing haloacetic acids in excess of the MCL over many years may have an increased risk of getting cancer.

Violation Type

Violation Begin

Violation End

Violation Explanation

FAILURE SUBMIT OEL REPORT FOR HAA5

03/11/2020

05/12/2020

We failed to submit our operational evaluation level (OEL) report to our regulator. The   report is needed to determine best treatment practices necessary to minimize possible future exceedences of HAA5.

MCL, LRAA

01/01/2020

03/31/2020

Water samples showed that the amount of this contaminant in our drinking water was above its standard (called a maximum contaminant level and abbreviated MCL) for the period indicated.

MCL, LRAA

04/01/2020

06/30/2020

Water samples showed that the amount of this contaminant in our drinking water was above its standard (called a maximum contaminant level and abbreviated MCL) for the period indicated.

MCL, LRAA

07/01/2020

09/30/2020

Water samples showed that the amount of this contaminant in our drinking water was above its standard (called a maximum contaminant level and abbreviated MCL) for the period indicated.

MCL, LRAA

10/01/2020

12/31/2020

Water samples showed that the amount of this contaminant in our drinking water was above its standard (called a maximum contaminant level and abbreviated MCL) for the period indicated.

Lead and Copper Rule

The Lead and Copper Rule protects public health by minimizing lead and copper levels in drinking water, primarily by reducing water corrosivity. Lead and copper enter drinking water mainly from corrosion of lead and copper containing plumbing materials.

Violation Type

Violation Begin

Violation End

Violation Explanation

WATER QUALITY PARAMETER M/R (LCR)

07/01/2020

12/31/2020

We failed to test our drinking water for the contaminant and period indicated. Because of this failure, we cannot be sure of the quality of our drinking water during the period indicated.

Public Notification Rule

The Public Notification Rule helps to ensure that consumers will always know if there is a problem with their drinking water. These notices immediately alert consumers if there is a serious problem with their drinking water (e.g., a boil water emergency).

Violation Type

Violation Begin

Violation End

Violation Explanation


Violations

PUBLIC NOTICE RULE LINKED TO VIOLATION

02/03/2020

2020

We failed to adequately notify you, our drinking water consumers, about a violation of the drinking water regulations.

PUBLIC NOTICE RULE LINKED TO VIOLATION

03/03/2020

2020

We failed to adequately notify you, our drinking water consumers, about a violation of the drinking water regulations.

PUBLIC NOTICE RULE LINKED TO VIOLATION

04/28/2020

2020

We failed to adequately notify you, our drinking water consumers, about a violation of the drinking water regulations.

PUBLIC NOTICE RULE LINKED TO VIOLATION

08/19/2020

2020

We failed to adequately notify you, our drinking water consumers, about a violation of the drinking water regulations.

PUBLIC NOTICE RULE LINKED TO VIOLATION

09/01/2020

2020

We failed to adequately notify you, our drinking water consumers, about a violation of the drinking water regulations.

PUBLIC NOTICE RULE NOT LINKED VIOLATION

10/05/2020

2020

We failed to adequately notify you, our drinking water consumers, about a violation of the drinking water regulations.

Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM)

Some people who drink water containing trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may experience problems with their liver, kidneys, or central nervous systems, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer.

Violation Type

Violation Begin

Violation End

Violation Explanation

FAILURE SUBMIT OEL REPORT FOR TTHM

03/11/2020

05/12/2020

We failed to submit our operational evaluation level (OEL) report to our regulator. The   report is needed to determine best treatment practices necessary to minimize possible future exceedences of TTHM.

FAILURE SUBMIT OEL REPORT FOR TTHM

12/15/2020

02/26/2021

We failed to submit our operational evaluation level (OEL) report to our regulator. The   report is needed to determine best treatment practices necessary to minimize possible future exceedences of TTHM.

MCL, LRAA

01/01/2020

03/31/2020

Water samples showed that the amount of this contaminant in our drinking water was above its standard (called a maximum contaminant level and abbreviated MCL) for the period indicated.

MCL, LRAA

04/01/2020

06/30/2020

Water samples showed that the amount of this contaminant in our drinking water was above its standard (called a maximum contaminant level and abbreviated MCL) for the period indicated.

MCL, LRAA

07/01/2020

09/30/2020

Water samples showed that the amount of this contaminant in our drinking water was above its standard (called a maximum contaminant level and abbreviated MCL) for the period indicated.

MCL, LRAA

10/01/2020

12/31/2020

Water samples showed that the amount of this contaminant in our drinking water was above its standard (called a maximum contaminant level and abbreviated MCL) for the period indicated.

City of Strawn Boil Water Rescind Notice 6/19/2021

Boil Water Notice Rescinded

6/19/2021

On 6/17/2021 the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality required the City of Strawn public water system, TX1820005 to issue a Boil Water Notice to inform customers, individuals, or employees that due to conditions which occurred recently in the public water system, the water from this public water system was required to be boiled prior to use for drinking water or human consumption purposes.

The public water system has taken the necessary corrective actions to restore the quality of the water distributed by this public water system used for drinking water or human consumption purposes and has provided TCEQ with laboratory test results that indicate that the water no longer requires boiling prior to use as of 6/19/2021.

If you have questions concerning this matter, you may contact Danny Miller at (254) 672-5311, 118 East Housley Street, Strawn, TX 76475.

The Boil Water Notice was issued as a precautionary measure due to loss of pressure during a system wide outage on Thursday, June 17th, 2021. Water samples were taken as soon as pressure was restored. The results of these tests were found to be negative indicating the water is safe to drink.

City of Strawn Boil Water Notice 6/17/2021

Boil Water Notice for Community Public Water Systems

6/17/2021

Due to loss of pressure caused by a water leak, the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality has required the City of Strawn, PWS TX 1820005 public water system to notify all customers to boil their water prior to consumption (e.g., washing hands/face, brushing teeth, drinking, etc). Children, seniors, and persons with weakened immune systems are particularly vulnerable to harmful bacteria, and all customers should follow these directions).

To ensure destruction of all harmful bacteria and other microbes, water for drinking, cooking, and ice making should be boiled and cooled prior to use for drinking water or human consumption purposes. The water should be brought to a vigorous rolling boil and then boiled for two minutes.

In lieu of boiling, individuals may purchase bottled water or obtain water from some other suitable source for drinking water or human consumption purposes.

When it is no longer necessary to boil the water, the public water system officials will notify customers that the water is safe for drinking water or human consumption purposes.

Once the boil water notice is no longer in effect, the public water system will issue a notice to customers that rescinds the boil water notice in a manner similar to this notice.

Please share this information with all the other people who drink this water, especially those who may not have received this notice directly (for example, people in apartments, nursing homes, schools, and businesses). You can do this by posting this notice in a public place or distributing copies by hand or mail.

If you have questions concerning this matter, you may contact Danny Miller at (254) 672-5311, Strawn City Hall, 118 East Housley St, Strawn, TX 76475. City of Strawn was able to restore pressure to the system after the pipes were thawed. This notice will be rescinded once a sample of water has been tested by an accredited lab and results found acceptable by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.

Strawn Water System Free Chlorine Conversion 5/5/2021

City of Strawn

P.O. BOX 581 – 118 East Housley St.

STRAWN, TEXAS 76475

254-672-5311 – FAX 254-672-5250

e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The City of Strawn public water system, (PWS) ID 182005, will temporarily convert the disinfectant used in the distribution system from chloramine to free chlorine. The conversion will begin on 5/5/2021 and continue through 5/13/2021 During this period, you may experience taste and odor changes associated with this type of temporary disinfectant conversion.

Public water systems are required to properly disinfect their water and maintain an adequate disinfectant residual in the distribution system. Chloramine, free chlorine combined with ammonia, is widely used as a disinfectant because it persists for long periods while also limiting the formation of disinfection by-product contaminants. Prolonged use of chloramine coupled with other factors that can affect water quality, such as high temperatures or stagnation of water, may result in the growth and/or persistence of organic matter within the pipes of the distribution system, which may hinder the ability to maintain an adequate disinfectant residual. A temporary conversion to free chlorine, partnered with flushing activities, helps to rid distribution pipes of this organic matter and improve the quality of your water overall.

City of Strawn has chosen to implement a temporary disinfectant conversion to free chlorine based on the following:
Annual preventative maintenance to disinfect entire distribution system.

Please share this information with all people who drink this water, especially those who may not have received this notice directly (i.e., people in apartments, nursing homes, schools, and businesses). You can do this by posting this notice in a public place or distributing copies by hand or mail.

If you have questions regarding this matter, you may contact
Danny Miller at (254) 672-5311.

                                                                                         

 

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City of Strawn
P.O. Box 581
118 East Housley St.
Strawn, Texas 76475
phone: 254-672-5311